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5 Diving Tips to Conserve Your Air

Maui scuba diver checking air gauge

My students often ask me how much air I have left after a dive together. Since most of our Maui shore dives are shallow (maximum depth 40 feet), I tend to finish my dives with about 1,300 psi, which is almost half of a tank. Upon sharing this information when asked, my students often look down at their gauges in disbelief, whispering, “How do you do that?”

Why is there such a discrepancy in air consumption between divers? We went to the same depth for the same amount of time, yet some can stretch out their dive time by a significant interval. There are simple answers to this question. Here are 5 SCUBA diving tips to help conserve your air and extend your dive bottom time.

Top 5 SCUBA Diving Tips to Save Air

1. Relax

Maui scuba divers showing improved air consumption.

Scuba dive in Maui with improved air consumption from these helpful tips!

SCUBA divers are often unaware of how their breathing increases with the onset of nervousness and stress. Before you go diving, it is beneficial to visualize your dive plan. Take a few moments to close your eyes and walk through your safety checks and water entry in your head. Imagine yourself completing each step without rushing. Setting up a mental checklist will automatically give you more confidence when you complete these essential steps.

Now visualize yourself breathing out of your regulator and beginning to descend. Deeply exhale as you imagine deflating your BCD and slowly sinking beneath the surface. The faster you breath when you start your dive, the harder it becomes to descend. These first few seconds of the dive often cause nervous divers more stress because their breathing intensifies as they realize they are not going down. Relax, exhale, slowly sink, equalize.

We learn on our very first dive that slow, deep, continuous breaths are essential to a successful experience. This notion stays with us throughout our diving lives. Breath slowly and continuously underwater, and you will magically see your air consumption improve.

2. Dive Often

SCUBA divers, without fail, can dive longer and better conserve their air when they dive often. You might live in a land-locked place that doesn’t allow you to get underwater very often. But if you have a local dive center with a pool, do yourself a big favor and go practice blowing bubbles from time to time. The more comfortable you are with breathing and swimming underwater, the more comfortable you will be when it’s showtime. Diving often also allows you to practice your buoyancy control and practice swimming more efficiently. If it has been six months since you last went diving, do a SCUBA Review. Practicing basic skills and buoyancy control only builds confidence in your diving and improves your efficiency underwater.

3. Move Efficiently and Practice Proper Buoyancy Control

One fundamental aspect of diving that you learn in your PADI Open Water course is maintaining controlled buoyancy underwater through efficient movements. What does this mean? When you are weightless underwater, you control your depth with breathing and kicking techniques. If you carry the proper amount of weight, you should slightly rise when you inhale and slightly sink as you exhale. By mastering buoyancy control, you keep yourself and the coral reef safe!

Efficient movement underwater means streamlining your body so that you don’t create drag by increasing the surface area of your body moving through the water. Imagine cruising through the water like a torpedo instead of swimming upright. Efficient body positioning and breathing go a long way toward improving your bottom time.

A properly weighted and streamlined scuba diver at Mala Wharf in Lahaina.

A properly weighted and streamlined scuba diver at Mala Wharf in Lahaina

4. “You Don’t Need So Much Weight!”

I say the above phrase to my guests all the time! But everyone can learn to determine the amount of lead weight they should carry SCUBA diving. For example, a 5’11” 180 lbs. person would wear 12 to 14 pounds of weight depending on personal comfort and wetsuit thickness. If you dive in tropical water with a thin 3mm wetsuit, you can make this calculation by taking 10 percent of your body weight and subtracting 4 to 6 pounds. If you dive in cold water with a thicker 7mm wetsuit, you can add 4 to 6 pounds instead.

Divers often think that they need much more weight than they do. However, diving with too much weight only makes it harder to control your buoyancy and often pulls down the bottom part of your body as you compensate by kicking up to fight the fact that you are sinking. The more work you have to do to control your buoyancy, the faster you will breathe through your tank.

Conversely, diving with not enough weight will cause you to struggle to stay down and obviously will make you breathe through your tank much faster and not allow you to conserve your air. Diving properly weighted is not a game to see how little you can take. Take enough weight to keep your movements comfortable and controlled underwater.

5. Fix Leaks

When referring to your tank’s O-ring, there is a saying in diving that goes, “Little bubbles, no troubles.” While a tiny stream of bubbles emitting from your tank is nothing to panic about, this leak will only worsen and could lead to trouble in the future if the O-ring is not changed. If you can hear air leaking from your tank’s O-ring connection upon setting up your equipment, then you should change the O-ring before diving. Not only will this leak waste your air, but you also wouldn’t want it to fail underwater.

A leaky scuba mask is not only annoying but also causes a severe increase in air consumption. When you constantly have to blow air out of your nose to clear a leaky mask, it can cause new stresses, leading to more rapid breathing, and ultimately not allowing you to breathe efficiently. Make sure to wear a diving mask that fits properly! You can read my blog entry about how to find and fit a mask for your face type.

And finally, mind your regulators. Almost daily, I see divers enter the water, forgetting to turn their mouthpieces down. What happens when you point the mouthpiece up and submerge it? The regulator free flows! Frequently, I see divers shave at least 5 minutes from their dive time by causing their primary regulator or alternate to free flow and fumbling to get it to stop.

Final Thought

All of these tips and tricks took me ages to get right. SCUBA diving efficiently to conserve your air takes practice. It is always good to give yourself some space to get comfortable underwater and think before you act. I guarantee that if you keep these five tips for conserving your air in mind, you will be amazed at your improved bottom time.